Scarce Blue-tailed Damselfly (Ischnura pumilio) is a localised dragonfly species in the county, found almost exclusively in the uplands of the north west.
The oldest record in our data set is from Cwm-Tysswg, south of Tredegar, on 29 July 1983 (observer A. D. Fox).
Current distribution in the county: what we know
Post-2019 records come mainly from the moorlands around Blaenavon, but there are records from three other areas in the northwest uplands: the east side of the Blorenge, west of Pontypool, and Pontllanfraith.
Away from the uplands, the species was found on ponds at Llanwern steelworks in 2021.
Current distribution in the county: what we don’t know
There are older records from other areas of the uplands, and it is possible that Scarce Blue-tailed Damselfly is still present in those areas too; the lack of post-2019 records away from the areas listed above is likely to be because no-one has visited these sites to record dragonflies recently.
Scarce Blue-tailed Damselfly is quite widespread in south, central and northwest Wales. Its strongest populations in England are in the southwest, though it reaches parts of the southeast, East Anglia and the Midlands. It is absent from northern England and Scotland. Elsewhere in Europe, it is found from Ireland and Portugal east to Russia, north to southern Scandinavia and southern Finland, and south to Italy and the Balkans. It is also found in parts of North Africa and Turkey, its range extends east through Asia as far as Mongolia, and it has also colonised Madeira and the Azores.